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  Domain Name: Rnd2_Rho7
Rnd2/Rho7 GTPases. Rnd2/Rho7 is a member of the novel Rho subfamily Rnd, together with Rnd1/Rho6 and Rnd3/RhoE/Rho8. Rnd2/Rho7 is transiently expressed in radially migrating cells in the brain while they are within the subventricular zone of the hippocampus and cerebral cortex. These migrating cells typically develop into pyramidal neurons. Cells that exogenously expressed Rnd2/Rho7 failed to migrate to upper layers of the brain, suggesting that Rnd2/Rho7 plays a role in the radial migration and morphological changes of developing pyramidal neurons, and that Rnd2/Rho7 degradation is necessary for proper cellular migration. The Rnd2/Rho7 GEF Rapostlin is found primarily in the brain and together with Rnd2/Rho7 induces dendrite branching. Unlike Rnd1/Rho6 and Rnd3/RhoE/Rho8, which are RhoA antagonists, Rnd2/Rho7 binds the GEF Pragmin and significantly stimulates RhoA activity and Rho-A mediated cell contraction. Rnd2/Rho7 is also found to be expressed in spermatocytes and early spermatids, with male-germ-cell Rac GTPase-activating protein (MgcRacGAP), where it localizes to the Golgi-derived pro-acrosomal vesicle. Most Rho proteins contain a lipid modification site at the C-terminus, with a typical sequence motif CaaX, where a = an aliphatic amino acid and X = any amino acid. Lipid binding is essential for membrane attachment, a key feature of most Rho proteins.
No pairwise interactions are available for this conserved domain.

Total Mutations Found: 4
Total Disease Mutations Found: 1
This domain occurred 19 times on human genes (40 proteins).


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 The histograms below the weblogo indicate mutations found on the domain. Red is for disease (OMIM) and blue is for SNPs.

 Functional Features are displayed as orange boxes under the histograms. You can choose which features are displayed in the box below.

Range on the Protein:  

   Protein ID            Protein Position

Domain Position:  

Feature Name:Total Found:
GTP/Mg2+ binding site
putative GAP (GTPase-acti
putative GEF (guanine nuc
putative GDI (guanine nuc
putative effector interac
putative lipid modificati
Switch I region
Switch II region
G1 box
G2 box
G3 box
G4 box
G5 box

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Please Cite: Peterson, T.A., Adadey, A., Santana-Cruz ,I., Sun, Y., Winder A, Kann, M.G., (2010) DMDM: Domain Mapping of Disease Mutations. Bioinformatics 26 (19), 2458-2459.

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