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  Domain Name: Trp-synth-beta_II
Tryptophan synthase beta superfamily (fold type II); this family of pyridoxal phosphate (PLP)-dependent enzymes catalyzes beta-replacement and beta-elimination reactions. This CD corresponds to aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate deaminase (ACCD), tryptophan synthase beta chain (Trp-synth_B), cystathionine beta-synthase (CBS), O-acetylserine sulfhydrylase (CS), serine dehydratase (Ser-dehyd), threonine dehydratase (Thr-dehyd), diaminopropionate ammonia lyase (DAL), and threonine synthase (Thr-synth). ACCD catalyzes the conversion of 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate to alpha-ketobutyrate and ammonia. Tryptophan synthase folds into a tetramer, where the beta chain is the catalytic PLP-binding subunit and catalyzes the formation of L-tryptophan from indole and L-serine. CBS is a tetrameric hemeprotein that catalyzes condensation of serine and homocysteine to cystathionine. CS is a homodimer that catalyzes the formation of L-cysteine from O-acetyl-L-serine. Ser-dehyd catalyzes the conversion of L- or D-serine to pyruvate and ammonia. Thr-dehyd is active as a homodimer and catalyzes the conversion of L-threonine to 2-oxobutanoate and ammonia. DAL is also a homodimer and catalyzes the alpha, beta-elimination reaction of both L- and D-alpha, beta-diaminopropionate to form pyruvate and ammonia. Thr-synth catalyzes the formation of threonine and inorganic phosphate from O-phosphohomoserine.
No pairwise interactions are available for this conserved domain.

Total Mutations Found: 2
Total Disease Mutations Found: 0
This domain occurred 6 times on human genes (9 proteins).

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 The histograms below the weblogo indicate mutations found on the domain. Red is for disease (OMIM) and blue is for SNPs.

 Functional Features are displayed as orange boxes under the histograms. You can choose which features are displayed in the box below.

Range on the Protein:  

   Protein ID            Protein Position

Domain Position:  

Feature Name:Total Found:
catalytic residue
pyridoxal 5'-phosphate bi

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Please Cite: Peterson, T.A., Adadey, A., Santana-Cruz ,I., Sun, Y., Winder A, Kann, M.G., (2010) DMDM: Domain Mapping of Disease Mutations. Bioinformatics 26 (19), 2458-2459.

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