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  Domain Name: BAR_Endophilin_A1
The Bin/Amphiphysin/Rvs (BAR) domain of Endophilin-A1. BAR domains are dimerization, lipid binding and curvature sensing modules found in many different proteins with diverse functions. Endophilins play roles in synaptic vesicle formation, virus budding, mitochondrial morphology maintenance, receptor-mediated endocytosis inhibition, and endosomal sorting. Endophilins contain an N-terminal N-BAR domain (BAR domain with an additional N-terminal amphipathic helix), followed by a variable region containing proline clusters, and a C-terminal SH3 domain. They are classified into two types, A and B. Vertebrates contain three endophilin-A isoforms. Endophilin-A proteins are enriched in the brain and play multiple roles in receptor-mediated endocytosis. Endophilin-A1 (or endophilin-1) is also referred to as SH3P4 (SH3 domain containing protein 4) or SH3GL2 (SH3 domain containing Grb2-like protein 2). It is localized in presynaptic nerve terminals. It plays many roles in clathrin-dependent endocytosis of synaptic vesicles including early vesicle formation, ubiquitin-dependent sorting of plasma membrane proteins, and regulation of calcium influx into neurons. The BAR domain of endophilin-A1 forms crescent-shaped dimers that can detect membrane curvature and drive membrane bending, while its SH3 domain binds the endocytic proteins, dynamin 1, synaptojanin 1, and amphiphysins.
No pairwise interactions are available for this conserved domain.

Total Mutations Found: 0
Total Disease Mutations Found: 0
This domain occurred 4 times on human genes (9 proteins).

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 The histograms below the weblogo indicate mutations found on the domain. Red is for disease (OMIM) and blue is for SNPs.

 Functional Features are displayed as orange boxes under the histograms. You can choose which features are displayed in the box below.

Range on the Protein:  

   Protein ID            Protein Position

Domain Position:  

Feature Name:Total Found:
dimer interface
putative membrane interac

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Please Cite: Peterson, T.A., Adadey, A., Santana-Cruz ,I., Sun, Y., Winder A, Kann, M.G., (2010) DMDM: Domain Mapping of Disease Mutations. Bioinformatics 26 (19), 2458-2459.

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