Home News About DMDM Database Statistics Research Publications Contact  

  Domain Name: DRE_TIM_HMGL
3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA lyase, catalytic TIM barrel domain. 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA lyase (HMGL) catalyzes the cleavage of HMG-CoA to acetyl-CoA and acetoacetate, one of the terminal steps in ketone body generation and leucine degradation, and is a key enzyme in the pathway that supplies metabolic fuel to extrahepatic tissues. Mutations in HMGL cause a human autosomal recessive disorder called primary metabolic aciduria that affects ketogenesis and leucine catabolism and can be fatal due to an inability to tolerate hypoglycemia. HMGL has a TIM barrel domain with a catalytic center containing a divalent cation-binding site formed by a cluster of invariant residues that cap the core of the barrel. The cleavage of HMG-CoA requires the presence of a divalent cation like Mg2+ or Mn2+, and the reaction is thought to involve general acid/base catalysis. This family belongs to the DRE-TIM metallolyase superfamily. DRE-TIM metallolyases include 2-isopropylmalate synthase (IPMS), alpha-isopropylmalate synthase (LeuA), 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA lyase, homocitrate synthase, citramalate synthase, 4-hydroxy-2-oxovalerate aldolase, re-citrate synthase, transcarboxylase 5S, pyruvate carboxylase, AksA, and FrbC. These members all share a conserved triose-phosphate isomerase (TIM) barrel domain consisting of a core beta(8)-alpha(8) motif with the eight parallel beta strands forming an enclosed barrel surrounded by eight alpha helices. The domain has a catalytic center containing a divalent cation-binding site formed by a cluster of invariant residues that cap the core of the barrel. In addition, the catalytic site includes three invariant residues - an aspartate (D), an arginine (R), and a glutamate (E) - which is the basis for the domain name "DRE-TIM".
No pairwise interactions are available for this conserved domain.

Total Mutations Found: 7
Total Disease Mutations Found: 5
This domain occurred 3 times on human genes (13 proteins).


 If you've navigated here from a protein, hovering over a position on the weblogo will display the corresponding protein position for that domain position.

 The histograms below the weblogo indicate mutations found on the domain. Red is for disease (OMIM) and blue is for SNPs.

 Functional Features are displayed as orange boxes under the histograms. You can choose which features are displayed in the box below.

Range on the Protein:  

   Protein ID            Protein Position

Domain Position:  

Feature Name:Total Found:
active site
catalytic residues
metal binding site

Weblogos are Copyright (c) 2002 Regents of the University of California

Please Cite: Peterson, T.A., Adadey, A., Santana-Cruz ,I., Sun, Y., Winder A, Kann, M.G., (2010) DMDM: Domain Mapping of Disease Mutations. Bioinformatics 26 (19), 2458-2459.

   |   1000 Hilltop Circle, Baltimore, MD 21250   |   Department of Biological Sciences   |   Phone: 410-455-2258