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  Domain Name: NOS_oxygenase_euk
Nitric oxide synthase (NOS) eukaryotic oxygenase domain. NOS produces nitric oxide (NO) by catalyzing a five-electron heme-based oxidation of a guanidine nitrogen of L-arginine to L-citrulline via two successive monooxygenation reactions producing N(omega)-hydroxy-L-arginine (NHA) as an intermediate. In mammals, there are three distinct NOS isozymes: neuronal (nNOS or NOS-1), cytokine-inducible (iNOS or NOS-2) and endothelial (eNOS or NOS-3) . Nitric oxide synthases are homodimers. In eukaryotes, each monomer has an N-terminal oxygenase domain, which binds to the substrate L-Arg, zinc, and to the cofactors heme and (BH4) . Eukaryotic NOS's also have a C-terminal electron supplying reductase region, which is homologous to cytochrome P450 reductase and binds NADH, FAD and FMN.
No pairwise interactions are available for this conserved domain.

Total Mutations Found: 13
Total Disease Mutations Found: 1
This domain occurred 3 times on human genes (12 proteins).


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 The histograms below the weblogo indicate mutations found on the domain. Red is for disease (OMIM) and blue is for SNPs.

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Range on the Protein:  

   Protein ID            Protein Position

Domain Position:  

Feature Name:Total Found:
active site
dimer interface

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Please Cite: Peterson, T.A., Adadey, A., Santana-Cruz ,I., Sun, Y., Winder A, Kann, M.G., (2010) DMDM: Domain Mapping of Disease Mutations. Bioinformatics 26 (19), 2458-2459.

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