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  Domain Name: PIKKc_SMG1
Suppressor of morphogenetic effect on genitalia-1 (SMG-1), catalytic domain; The SMG-1 catalytic domain subfamily is part of a larger superfamily that includes the catalytic domains of other kinases such as the typical serine/threonine/tyrosine protein kinases (PKs), aminoglycoside phosphotransferase, choline kinase, and RIO kinases. SMG-1 is a member of the phosphoinositide 3-kinase-related protein kinase (PIKK) subfamily. PIKKs have intrinsic serine/threonine kinase activity and are distinguished from other PKs by their unique catalytic domain, similar to that of lipid PI3K, and their large molecular weight (240-470 kDa). In addition to its catalytic domain, SMG-1 contains a FATC (FRAP, ATM and TRRAP, C-terminal) domain at the C-terminus. SMG-1 plays a critical role in the mRNA surveillance mechanism known as non-sense mediated mRNA decay (NMD). NMD protects the cells from the accumulation of aberrant mRNAs with premature termination codons (PTCs) generated by genome mutations and by errors during transcription and splicing. SMG-1 phosphorylates Upf1, another central component of NMD, at the C-terminus upon recognition of PTCs. The phosphorylation/dephosphorylation cycle of Upf1 is essential for promoting NMD.
No pairwise interactions are available for this conserved domain.

Total Mutations Found: 5
Total Disease Mutations Found: 1
This domain occurred 11 times on human genes (28 proteins).


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 The histograms below the weblogo indicate mutations found on the domain. Red is for disease (OMIM) and blue is for SNPs.

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Range on the Protein:  

   Protein ID            Protein Position

Domain Position:  

Feature Name:Total Found:
ATP binding site
catalytic loop
activation loop (A-loop)

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Please Cite: Peterson, T.A., Adadey, A., Santana-Cruz ,I., Sun, Y., Winder A, Kann, M.G., (2010) DMDM: Domain Mapping of Disease Mutations. Bioinformatics 26 (19), 2458-2459.

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