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  Domain Name: PX_IRAS
The phosphoinositide binding Phox Homology domain of the Imidazoline Receptor Antisera-Selected. The PX domain is a phosphoinositide binding (PI) module present in many proteins with diverse functions such as cell signaling, vesicular trafficking, protein sorting, and lipid modification, among others. Imidazoline Receptor Antisera-Selected (IRAS), also called nischarin, contains an N-terminal PX domain, leucine rich repeats, and a predicted coiled coil domain. The PX domain of IRAS binds to phosphatidylinositol-3-phosphate in membranes. Together with the coiled coil domain, it is essential for the localization of IRAS to endosomes. IRAS has been shown to interact with integrin and inhibit cell migration. Its interaction with alpha5 integrin causes a redistribution of the receptor from the cell surface to endosomal structures, suggesting that IRAS may function as a sorting nexin (SNX) which regulates the endosomal trafficking of integrin. SNXs make up the largest group among PX domain containing proteins. They are involved in regulating membrane traffic and protein sorting in the endosomal system. SNXs differ from each other in PI-binding specificity and affinity, and the presence of other protein-protein interaction domains, which help determine subcellular localization and specific function in the endocytic pathway.
No pairwise interactions are available for this conserved domain.

Total Mutations Found: 4
Total Disease Mutations Found: 0
This domain occurred 16 times on human genes (26 proteins).

 If you've navigated here from a protein, hovering over a position on the weblogo will display the corresponding protein position for that domain position.

 The histograms below the weblogo indicate mutations found on the domain. Red is for disease (OMIM) and blue is for SNPs.

 Functional Features are displayed as orange boxes under the histograms. You can choose which features are displayed in the box below.

Range on the Protein:  

   Protein ID            Protein Position

Domain Position:  

Feature Name:Total Found:
phosphoinositide binding

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Please Cite: Peterson, T.A., Adadey, A., Santana-Cruz ,I., Sun, Y., Winder A, Kann, M.G., (2010) DMDM: Domain Mapping of Disease Mutations. Bioinformatics 26 (19), 2458-2459.

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