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  Domain Name: Plasmepsin_5
Plasmepsins are a class of aspartic proteinases produced by the plasmodium parasite. The family contains a group of aspartic proteinases homologous to plasmepsin 5. Plasmepsins are a class of at least 10 enzymes produced by the plasmodium parasite. Through their haemoglobin-degrading activity, they are an important cause of symptoms in malaria sufferers. This family of enzymes is a potential target for anti-malarial drugs. Plasmepsins are aspartic acid proteases, which means their active site contains two aspartic acid residues. These two aspartic acid residue act respectively as proton donor and proton acceptor, catalyzing the hydrolysis of peptide bond in proteins. Aspartic proteinases are composed of two structurally similar beta barrel lobes, each lobe contributing an aspartic acid residue to form a catalytic dyad that acts to cleave the substrate peptide bond. The catalytic Asp residues are contained in an Asp-Thr-Gly-Ser/thr motif in both N- and C-terminal lobes of the enzyme. There are four types of plasmepsins, closely related but varying in the specificity of cleavage site. The name plasmepsin may come from plasmodium (the organism) and pepsin (a common aspartic acid protease with similar molecular structure). This family of aspartate proteases is classified by MEROPS as the peptidase family A1 (pepsin A, clan AA).
No pairwise interactions are available for this conserved domain.

Total Mutations Found: 6
Total Disease Mutations Found: 5
This domain occurred 10 times on human genes (18 proteins).


 If you've navigated here from a protein, hovering over a position on the weblogo will display the corresponding protein position for that domain position.

 The histograms below the weblogo indicate mutations found on the domain. Red is for disease (OMIM) and blue is for SNPs.

 Functional Features are displayed as orange boxes under the histograms. You can choose which features are displayed in the box below.

Range on the Protein:  

   Protein ID            Protein Position

Domain Position:  

Feature Name:Total Found:
catalytic residue
catalytic motif
Active site flap

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Please Cite: Peterson, T.A., Adadey, A., Santana-Cruz ,I., Sun, Y., Winder A, Kann, M.G., (2010) DMDM: Domain Mapping of Disease Mutations. Bioinformatics 26 (19), 2458-2459.

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