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  Domain Name: RNR_II_dimer
Class II ribonucleotide reductase, dimeric form. Ribonucleotide reductase (RNR) catalyzes the reductive synthesis of deoxyribonucleotides from their corresponding ribonucleotides. It provides the precursors necessary for DNA synthesis. RNRs are separated into three classes based on their metallocofactor usage. Class I RNRs, found in eukaryotes, bacteria, and bacteriophage, use a diiron-tyrosyl radical. Class II RNRs, found in bacteria, bacteriophage, algae and archaea, use coenzyme B12 (adenosylcobalamin, AdoCbl). Class III RNRs, found in anaerobic bacteria, bacteriophage, and archaea, use an FeS cluster and S-adenosylmethionine to generate a glycyl radical. Many organisms have more than one class of RNR present in their genomes. All three RNRs have a ten-stranded alpha-beta barrel domain that is structurally similar to the domain of PFL (pyruvate formate lyase). Class II RNRs are found in bacteria that can live under both aerobic and anaerobic conditions. Many, but not all members of this class are found to be homodimers. Adenosylcobalamin interacts directly with an active site cysteine to form the reactive cysteine radical.
No pairwise interactions are available for this conserved domain.

Total Mutations Found: 0
Total Disease Mutations Found: 0
This domain occurred 1 times on human genes (2 proteins).

 If you've navigated here from a protein, hovering over a position on the weblogo will display the corresponding protein position for that domain position.

 The histograms below the weblogo indicate mutations found on the domain. Red is for disease (OMIM) and blue is for SNPs.

 Functional Features are displayed as orange boxes under the histograms. You can choose which features are displayed in the box below.

Range on the Protein:  

   Protein ID            Protein Position

Domain Position:  

Feature Name:Total Found:
active site
effector binding site
dimer interface

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Please Cite: Peterson, T.A., Adadey, A., Santana-Cruz ,I., Sun, Y., Winder A, Kann, M.G., (2010) DMDM: Domain Mapping of Disease Mutations. Bioinformatics 26 (19), 2458-2459.

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