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  Domain Name: ACT_PAH
ACT domain of the nonheme iron-dependent aromatic amino acid hydroxylase, phenylalanine hydroxylases (PAH). ACT domain of the nonheme iron-dependent aromatic amino acid hydroxylase, phenylalanine hydroxylases (PAH). PAH catalyzes the hydroxylation of L-Phe to L-Tyr, the first step in the catabolic degradation of L-Phe. In PAH, an autoregulatory sequence, N-terminal of the ACT domain, extends across the catalytic domain active site and regulates the enzyme by intrasteric regulation. It appears that the activation by L-Phe induces a conformational change that converts the enzyme to a high-affinity and high-activity state. Modulation of activity is achieved through inhibition by BH4 and activation by phosphorylation of serine residues of the autoregulatory region. The molecular basis for the cooperative activation process is not fully understood yet. Members of this CD belong to the superfamily of ACT regulatory domains.
No pairwise interactions are available for this conserved domain.

Total Mutations Found: 8
Total Disease Mutations Found: 8
This domain occurred 3 times on human genes (6 proteins).


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 The histograms below the weblogo indicate mutations found on the domain. Red is for disease (OMIM) and blue is for SNPs.

 Functional Features are displayed as orange boxes under the histograms. You can choose which features are displayed in the box below.

Range on the Protein:  

   Protein ID            Protein Position

Domain Position:  

Feature Name:Total Found:
putative L-Phe binding si
autoregulatory residues

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Please Cite: Peterson, T.A., Adadey, A., Santana-Cruz ,I., Sun, Y., Winder A, Kann, M.G., (2010) DMDM: Domain Mapping of Disease Mutations. Bioinformatics 26 (19), 2458-2459.

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