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  Domain Name: GST_C_Omega
C-terminal, alpha helical domain of Class Omega Glutathione S-transferases. Glutathione S-transferase (GST) C-terminal domain family, Class Omega subfamily; GSTs are cytosolic dimeric proteins involved in cellular detoxification by catalyzing the conjugation of glutathione (GSH) with a wide range of endogenous and xenobiotic alkylating agents, including carcinogens, therapeutic drugs, environmental toxins and products of oxidative stress. The GST fold contains an N-terminal thioredoxin-fold domain and a C-terminal alpha helical domain, with an active site located in a cleft between the two domains. GSH binds to the N-terminal domain while the hydrophobic substrate occupies a pocket in the C-terminal domain. Class Omega GSTs show little or no GSH-conjugating activity towards standard GST substrates. Instead, they catalyze the GSH dependent reduction of protein disulfides, dehydroascorbate and monomethylarsonate, activities which are more characteristic of glutaredoxins. They contain a conserved cysteine equivalent to the first cysteine in the CXXC motif of glutaredoxins, which is a redox active residue capable of reducing GSH mixed disulfides in a monothiol mechanism. Polymorphisms of the class Omega GST genes may be associated with the development of some types of cancer and the age-at-onset of both Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases.
No pairwise interactions are available for this conserved domain.

Total Mutations Found: 3
Total Disease Mutations Found: 0
This domain occurred 2 times on human genes (2 proteins).

 If you've navigated here from a protein, hovering over a position on the weblogo will display the corresponding protein position for that domain position.

 The histograms below the weblogo indicate mutations found on the domain. Red is for disease (OMIM) and blue is for SNPs.

 Functional Features are displayed as orange boxes under the histograms. You can choose which features are displayed in the box below.

Range on the Protein:  

   Protein ID            Protein Position

Domain Position:  

Feature Name:Total Found:
putative dimer interface
substrate binding pocket
N-terminal domain interfa

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Please Cite: Peterson, T.A., Adadey, A., Santana-Cruz ,I., Sun, Y., Winder A, Kann, M.G., (2010) DMDM: Domain Mapping of Disease Mutations. Bioinformatics 26 (19), 2458-2459.

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