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  Domain Name: ISG20
DEDDh 3'-5' exonuclease domain of Interferon Stimulated Gene product of 20 kDa, and similar proteins. Interferon (IFN) Stimulated Gene product of 20 kDa (ISG20) is an IFN-induced antiviral exonuclease with a strong preference for single-stranded RNA and minor activity towards single-stranded DNA. It was also independently identified by its response to estrogen and was called HEM45 (human estrogen regulated transcript). ISG20 is a DEDDh-type DnaQ-like 3'-5' exonuclease containing three conserved sequence motifs termed ExoI, ExoII and ExoIII with a specific Hx(4)D conserved pattern at ExoIII. These motifs are clustered around the active site and contain four conserved acidic residues that serve as ligands for the two metal ions required for catalysis. ISG20 may be a major effector of innate immunity against pathogens including viruses, bacteria, and parasites. It is located in promyelocytic leukemia (PML) nuclear bodies, sites for oncogenic DNA viral transcription and replication. It may carry out its function by degrading viral RNAs as part of the IFN-regulated antiviral response.
No pairwise interactions are available for this conserved domain.

Total Mutations Found: 3
Total Disease Mutations Found: 0
This domain occurred 9 times on human genes (10 proteins).

 If you've navigated here from a protein, hovering over a position on the weblogo will display the corresponding protein position for that domain position.

 The histograms below the weblogo indicate mutations found on the domain. Red is for disease (OMIM) and blue is for SNPs.

 Functional Features are displayed as orange boxes under the histograms. You can choose which features are displayed in the box below.

Range on the Protein:  

   Protein ID            Protein Position

Domain Position:  

Feature Name:Total Found:
active site
catalytic site
substrate binding site

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Please Cite: Peterson, T.A., Adadey, A., Santana-Cruz ,I., Sun, Y., Winder A, Kann, M.G., (2010) DMDM: Domain Mapping of Disease Mutations. Bioinformatics 26 (19), 2458-2459.

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