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  Domain Name: IgV_CTLA-4
Immunoglobulin (Ig) domain of cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated antigen 4 (CTLA-4). IgV_CTLA-4: domain similar to the variable(v)-type immunoglobulin (Ig) domain found in cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated antigen 4 (CTLA-4). CTLA-4 is involved in the regulation of T cell response, acting as an inhibitor of intracellular signalling. CTLA-4 is similar to CD28, a T cell co-receptor protein that recognizes the B7 proteins (CD80 and CD86). CD28 binding of the B7 proteins occurs after the presentation of antigen to the T cell receptor (TCR) via the peptide-MHC complex on the surface of an antigen presenting cell (APC). CTLA-4 also binds the B7 molecules with a higher affinity than does CD28. The B7/CTLA-4 interaction generates inhibitory signals down-regulating the response, and may prevent T cell activation by weak TCR signals. CD28 and CTLA-4 then elicit opposing signals in the regulation of T cell responsiveness and homeostasis. T cell activation leads to increased CTLA-4 gene expression and trafficking of CTLA-4 protein to the cell surface. CTLA-4 is not detected on the T-cell surface until 24 hours after activation. Covalent dimerization of CTLA-4 has been shown to be required for its high binding avidity, although each CTLA-4 monomer contains a binding site for CD80 and CD86.
No pairwise interactions are available for this conserved domain.

Total Mutations Found: 0
Total Disease Mutations Found: 0
This domain occurred 3 times on human genes (7 proteins).

 If you've navigated here from a protein, hovering over a position on the weblogo will display the corresponding protein position for that domain position.

 The histograms below the weblogo indicate mutations found on the domain. Red is for disease (OMIM) and blue is for SNPs.

 Functional Features are displayed as orange boxes under the histograms. You can choose which features are displayed in the box below.

Range on the Protein:  

   Protein ID            Protein Position

Domain Position:  

Feature Name:Total Found:
antigen binding site
dimer interface

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Please Cite: Peterson, T.A., Adadey, A., Santana-Cruz ,I., Sun, Y., Winder A, Kann, M.G., (2010) DMDM: Domain Mapping of Disease Mutations. Bioinformatics 26 (19), 2458-2459.

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