Home News About DMDM Database Statistics Research Publications Contact  

  Domain Name: Ntn_AC_NAAA
AC_NAAA This conserved domain includes two closely related proteins, acid ceramidase (AC, also known as N-acylsphingosine amidohydrolase), and N-acylethanolamine-hydrolyzing acid amidase (NAAA). AC catalyzes the hydrolysis of ceramide to sphingosine and fatty acid. Ceramide is required for the biosynthesis of most sphingolipids and plays an important role in many signal transduction pathways by inducing apoptosis and/or arresting cell growth. An inherited deficiency of AC activity leads to the lysosomal storage disorder known as Farber disease. AC is considered a "rheostat" important for maintaining the proper intracellular levels of these lipids since hydrolysis of ceramide is the only source of sphingosine in cells. NAAA is a eukaryotic glycoprotein that hydrolyzes bioactive N-acylethanolamines, including anandamide (an endocannabinoid) and N-palmitoylethanolamine (an anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective substance), to fatty acids and ethanolamine at acidic pH. NAAA shows structural and functional similarity to acid ceramidase, but lacks the ceramide-hydrolyzing activity of AC.
No pairwise interactions are available for this conserved domain.

Total Mutations Found: 17
Total Disease Mutations Found: 9
This domain occurred 2 times on human genes (5 proteins).


 If you've navigated here from a protein, hovering over a position on the weblogo will display the corresponding protein position for that domain position.

 The histograms below the weblogo indicate mutations found on the domain. Red is for disease (OMIM) and blue is for SNPs.

 Functional Features are displayed as orange boxes under the histograms. You can choose which features are displayed in the box below.

Range on the Protein:  

   Protein ID            Protein Position

Domain Position:  

No Conserved Features/Sites Found for Ntn_AC_NAAA

Weblogos are Copyright (c) 2002 Regents of the University of California

Please Cite: Peterson, T.A., Adadey, A., Santana-Cruz ,I., Sun, Y., Winder A, Kann, M.G., (2010) DMDM: Domain Mapping of Disease Mutations. Bioinformatics 26 (19), 2458-2459.

   |   1000 Hilltop Circle, Baltimore, MD 21250   |   Department of Biological Sciences   |   Phone: 410-455-2258