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  Domain Name: PLPDE_III_ODC
Type III Pyridoxal 5-phosphate (PLP)-Dependent Enzyme Ornithine Decarboxylase. This subfamily is composed mainly of eukaryotic ornithine decarboxylases (ODC, EC and ODC-like enzymes from prokaryotes represented by Vibrio vulnificus LysineOrnithine decarboxylase. These are fold type III PLP-dependent enzymes that differ from most bacterial ODCs which are fold type I PLP-dependent enzymes. ODC participates in the formation of putrescine by catalyzing the decarboxylation of ornithine, the first step in polyamine biosynthesis. Members of this subfamily contain an N-terminal PLP-binding TIM-barrel domain and a C-terminal beta-sandwich domain, similar to bacterial alanine racemases. They exist as homodimers with active sites that lie at the interface between the TIM barrel domain of one subunit and the beta-sandwich domain of the other subunit. Homodimer formation and the presence of the PLP cofactor are required for catalytic activity. Also members of this subfamily are proteins with homology to ODC but do not possess any catalytic activity, the Antizyme inhibitor (AZI) and ODC-paralogue (ODC-p). AZI binds to the regulatory protein Antizyme with a higher affinity than ODC and prevents ODC degradation. ODC-p is a novel ODC-like protein, present only in mammals, that is specifically exressed in the brain and testes. ODC-p may function as a tissue-specific antizyme inhibitory protein.
No pairwise interactions are available for this conserved domain.

Total Mutations Found: 2
Total Disease Mutations Found: 0
This domain occurred 3 times on human genes (7 proteins).

 If you've navigated here from a protein, hovering over a position on the weblogo will display the corresponding protein position for that domain position.

 The histograms below the weblogo indicate mutations found on the domain. Red is for disease (OMIM) and blue is for SNPs.

 Functional Features are displayed as orange boxes under the histograms. You can choose which features are displayed in the box below.

Range on the Protein:  

   Protein ID            Protein Position

Domain Position:  

Feature Name:Total Found:
active site
pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (P
catalytic residues
substrate binding site
dimer interface

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Please Cite: Peterson, T.A., Adadey, A., Santana-Cruz ,I., Sun, Y., Winder A, Kann, M.G., (2010) DMDM: Domain Mapping of Disease Mutations. Bioinformatics 26 (19), 2458-2459.

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