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  Domain Name: RNase_A_canonical
Canonical RNase A family includes all vertebrate homologues to the bovine pancreatic ribonuclease A (RNase A) that contain the catalytic site, necessary for RNase activity. In the human genome 8 RNases , refered to as "canonical" RNases, have been identified, pancreatic RNase (RNase 1), Eosinophil Derived Neurotoxin (SEDN/RNASE 2), Eosinophil Cationic Protein (ECP/RNase 3), RNase 4, Angiogenin (RNase 5), RNase 6 or k6, the skin derived RNase (RNase 7) and RNase 8. The eight human genes are all located in a cluster on chromosome 14. Canonical RNase A enzymes have special biological activities; for example, some stimulate the development of vascular endothelial cells, dendritic cells, and neurons, are cytotoxic/anti-tumoral and/or anti-pathogenic. RNase A is involved in endonucleolytic cleavage of 3'-phosphomononucleotides and 3'-phosphooligonucleotides ending in C-P or U-P with 2',3'-cyclic phosphate intermediates. The catalytic mechanism is a transphosphorylation of P-O 5' bonds on the 3' side of pyrimidines and subsequent hydrolysis to generate 3' phosphate groups. The canonical RNase A family proteins have a conserved catalytic triad (two histidines and one lysine). They also share 6 to 8 cysteines that form three to four disulfide bonds. Two disulfide bonds that are close to the N and C termini contribute most significantly to conformational stability. Angiogenin or RNAse 5 has been implicated in tumor-associated angiogenesis. Comparative analysis in mammals and birds indicates that the whole family may have originated from a RNase 5-like gene. This hypothesis is supported by the fact that only RNase 5-like RNases have been reported outside the mammalian class. The RNase 5 group would therefore be the most ancient form of this family, and all other members would have arisen during mammalian evolution.
No pairwise interactions are available for this conserved domain.

Total Mutations Found: 23
Total Disease Mutations Found: 6
This domain occurred 12 times on human genes (16 proteins).


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 The histograms below the weblogo indicate mutations found on the domain. Red is for disease (OMIM) and blue is for SNPs.

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Range on the Protein:  

   Protein ID            Protein Position

Domain Position:  

Feature Name:Total Found:
catalytic site
dimerization interface
dimerization with domain

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Please Cite: Peterson, T.A., Adadey, A., Santana-Cruz ,I., Sun, Y., Winder A, Kann, M.G., (2010) DMDM: Domain Mapping of Disease Mutations. Bioinformatics 26 (19), 2458-2459.

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