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  Domain Name: nit
Nit1, Nit 2, and related proteins, and the Nit1-like domain of NitFhit (class 10 nitrilases). This subgroup includes mammalian Nit1 and Nit2, the Nit1-like domain of the invertebrate NitFhit, and various uncharacterized bacterial and archaeal Nit-like proteins. Nit1 and Nit2 are candidate tumor suppressor proteins. In NitFhit, the Nit1-like domain is encoded as a fusion protein with the non-homologous tumor suppressor, fragile histidine triad (Fhit). Mammalian Nit1 and Fhit may affect distinct signal pathways, and both may participate in DNA damage-induced apoptosis. Nit1 is a negative regulator in T cells. Overexpression of Nit2 in HeLa cells leads to a suppression of cell growth through cell cycle arrest in G2. These Nit proteins and the Nit1-like domain of NitFhit belong to a larger nitrilase superfamily comprised of nitrile- or amide-hydrolyzing enzymes and amide-condensing enzymes, which depend on a Glu-Lys-Cys catalytic triad. This superfamily has been classified in the literature based on global and structure based sequence analysis into thirteen different enzyme classes (referred to as 1-13), this subgroup corresponds to class 10.
No pairwise interactions are available for this conserved domain.

Total Mutations Found: 2
Total Disease Mutations Found: 0
This domain occurred 5 times on human genes (5 proteins).

 If you've navigated here from a protein, hovering over a position on the weblogo will display the corresponding protein position for that domain position.

 The histograms below the weblogo indicate mutations found on the domain. Red is for disease (OMIM) and blue is for SNPs.

 Functional Features are displayed as orange boxes under the histograms. You can choose which features are displayed in the box below.

Range on the Protein:  

   Protein ID            Protein Position

Domain Position:  

Feature Name:Total Found:
putative active site
catalytic triad
dimer interface

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Please Cite: Peterson, T.A., Adadey, A., Santana-Cruz ,I., Sun, Y., Winder A, Kann, M.G., (2010) DMDM: Domain Mapping of Disease Mutations. Bioinformatics 26 (19), 2458-2459.

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